Painting

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He was born at Kronach in upper Franconia, probably in 1472. His exact date of birth is unknown. He learned the art of drawing from his father Hans Maler (his surname meaning "painter" and denoting his profession, not his ancestry, after the manner of the time and class). His mother, with surname Hübner, died in 1491. Later, the name of his birthplace was used for his surname, another custom of the times. How Cranach was trained is not known, but it was probably with local south German masters, as with his contemporary Matthias Grünewald, who worked at Bamberg and Aschaffenburg (Bamberg is the capital of the diocese in which Kronach lies). There are also suggestions that Cranach spent some time in Vienna around 1500.

According to Gunderam (the tutor of Cranach's children) Cranach demonstrated his talents as a painter before the close of the 15th century. His work then drew the attention of Duke Friedrich III, Elector of Saxony, known as Frederick the Wise, who attached Cranach to his court in 1504. The records of Wittenberg confirm Gunderam's statement to this extent that Cranach's name appears for the first time in the public accounts on the 24 June 1504, when he drew 50 gulden for the salary of half a year, as pictor ducalis ("the duke's painter"). Cranach was to remain in the service of the Elector and his successors for the rest of his life, although he was able to undertake other work.

Cranach married Barbara Brengbier, the daughter of a burgher of Gotha and also born there; she died at Wittenberg on 26 December 1540. Cranach later owned a house at Gotha, but most likely he got to know Barbara near Wittenberg, where her family also owned a house, that later also belonged to Cranach.

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Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, c. 1472 – 16 October 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation, whose cause he embraced with enthusiasm, becoming a close friend of Martin Luther. He also painted religious subjects, first in the Catholic tradition, and later trying to find new ways of conveying Lutheran religious concerns in art. He continued throughout his career to paint nude subjects drawn from mythology and religion. He had a large workshop and many works exist in different versions; his son Lucas Cranach the Younger, and others, continued to create versions of his father's works for decades after his death. Lucas Cranach the Elder has been considered the most successful German artist of his time.
Date of birth: 
Tuesday, January 26, 2016
Place of birth and location: 
Kronah
Germany
50° 14' 16.6092" N, 11° 19' 49.6272" E
Date of death: 
Saturday, October 16, 1553
Place of death and location : 
Vajmar
Germany
50° 58' 53.5728" N, 11° 19' 26.1444" E
Gender: 
Мушки
Делокруг рада: 
Important locations: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Year of birth: 
1472
Country of Birth: 
Germany
Title: 
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Title: 
Rhinoceros
English
Description: 
Rhinoceros (1515) 6th edition 1620. Woodcut, hnadmade paper with watermark.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
Germany
Copyright: 
Gallery of Matica Srpska
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Year of creation: 
1515
Name of the original: 
Rhinoceros
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Period: 
English
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Dürer was born on 21 May 1471, third child and second son of his parents, who had between fourteen and eighteen children. His father, Albrecht Dürer the Elder, was a successful goldsmith, originally Ajtósi, who in 1455 had moved to Nuremberg from Ajtós, near Gyula in Hungary. The German name "Dürer" is a translation from the Hungarian, "Ajtósi". Initially, it was "Türer," meaning doormaker, which is "ajtós" in Hungarian (from "ajtó", meaning door). A door is featured in the coat-of-arms the family acquired. Albrecht Dürer the Younger later changed "Türer", his father's diction of the family's surname, to "Dürer", to adapt to the local Nuremberg dialect. Albrecht Dürer the Elder married Barbara Holper, the daughter of his master, when he himself became a master in 1467.

Dürer's godfather was Anton Koberger, who left goldsmithing to become a printer and publisher in the year of Dürer's birth and quickly became the most successful publisher in Germany, eventually owning twenty-four printing-presses and having many offices in Germany and abroad. Koberger's most famous publication was the Nuremberg Chronicle, published in 1493 in German and Latin editions. It contained an unprecedented 1,809 woodcut illustrations (albeit with many repeated uses of the same block) by the Wolgemut workshop. Dürer may well have worked on some of these, as the work on the project began while he was with Wolgemut.

Because Dürer left autobiographical writings and became very famous by his mid-twenties, his life is well documented by several sources. After a few years of school, Dürer started to learn the basics of goldsmithing and drawing from his father. Though his father wanted him to continue his training as a goldsmith, he showed such a precocious talent in drawing that he started as an apprentice to Michael Wolgemut at the age of fifteen in 1486. A self-portrait, a drawing in silverpoint, is dated 1484 (Albertina, Vienna) "when I was a child," as his later inscription says. Wolgemut was the leading artist in Nuremberg at the time, with a large workshop producing a variety of works of art, in particular woodcuts for books. Nuremberg was then an important and prosperous city, a centre for publishing and many luxury trades. It had strong links with Italy, especially Venice, a relatively short distance across the Alps.

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Personal information: 
Albrecht Dürer (/ˈdʊərər, ˈdjʊərər/;[1] German: [ˈalbʁɛçt ˈdyːʁɐ]; 21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)[2] was a painter, printmaker and theorist of the German Renaissance. Born in Nuremberg, Dürer established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties, due to his high-quality woodcut prints. He was in communication with the major Italian artists of his time, including Raphael, Giovanni Bellini and Leonardo da Vinci, and from 1512 he was patronized by emperor Maximilian I.
Date of birth: 
Monday, May 21, 1471
Place of birth and location: 
Nuremberg
Germany
49° 26' 45.4704" N, 11° 4' 32.9556" E
Date of death: 
Saturday, April 6, 1528
Place of death and location : 
Nuremberg
Germany
49° 26' 51.6048" N, 11° 4' 52.7304" E
Gender: 
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Works: 
Important locations: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Year of birth: 
1471
Country of Birth: 
Germany
Title: 
Albrecht Durer
Title: 
Reclining figure
English
Author: 
Description: 
Part of the exhibition "Henry Moore" Museum of Vojvodina.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
United Kingdom
Technique: 
Material: 
Type of cultural artefact: 
Formats of digital document: 
Images: 
Year of creation: 
1976
Name of the original: 
Reclining figure
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Institution: 
Period: 
Title: 
Vultures
English
Author: 
Description: 
Part of the exhibition "Henry Moore" Museum of Vojvodina.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
United Kingdom
Technique: 
Material: 
Type of cultural artefact: 
Formats of digital document: 
Images: 
Year of creation: 
1981
Name of the original: 
Vultures
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Institution: 
Period: 
Title: 
Stone II
English
Author: 
Description: 
Part of the exhibition "Henry Moore" Museum of Vojvodina.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
United Kingdom
Date of records creation : 
Thursday, October 22, 2015
Technique: 
Material: 
Type of cultural artefact: 
Formats of digital document: 
Images: 
Year of creation: 
1977
Name of the original: 
Stone II
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Institution: 
Period: 
Title: 
Stone I
English
Author: 
Description: 
Part of the exhibition "Henry Moore" Museum of Vojvodina.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
United Kingdom
Technique: 
Material: 
Type of cultural artefact: 
Formats of digital document: 
Images: 
Year of creation: 
1977
Name of the original: 
Stone I
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Institution: 
Period: 
Title: 
Reclining figure distorted
English
Author: 
Description: 
Part of the exhibition "Henry Moore" Museum of Vojvodina.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
United Kingdom
Technique: 
Material: 
Type of cultural artefact: 
Formats of digital document: 
Images: 
Year of creation: 
1979
Name of the original: 
Reclining figure distorted
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Institution: 
Period: 
Title: 
Ideas for sculptures
English
Author: 
Description: 
Part of the exhibition "Henry Moore" Museum of Vojvodina.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
United Kingdom
Technique: 
Material: 
Type of cultural artefact: 
Formats of digital document: 
Images: 
Year of creation: 
1975
Name of the original: 
Ideas for sculptures
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Institution: 
Period: 
Title: 
Ideas for sculptures on landscape
English
Author: 
Description: 
Part of the exhibition "Henry Moore" Museum of Vojvodina.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
United Kingdom
Technique: 
Material: 
Type of cultural artefact: 
Formats of digital document: 
Images: 
Year of creation: 
1969
Name of the original: 
Ideas for sculptures on landscape
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Institution: 
Period: 

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