Gallery of Matica srpska

Тhe Gallery of Matica srpska was founded in 1847 in Pest (former part of Budapest, Hungary) under the auspices of The Matica srpska, the oldest cultural, literary and scientific institution of Serbian people. The proposal to establish the Serbian National Collection (Museum) was given by Teodor Pavlović, the Secretary of The Matica srpska of that time. The core of the future art collection of The Gallery of Matica srpska was a collection of Sava Tekelija’s family portraits. Being a great Serbian benefactor, Sava Tekelija bequeathed all of his belongings to The Matica srpska in 1840 and remained its president until the end of his life. The establishment of the Museum was publicly announced in the Serbian National Newspaper, which was at the same time, a call to all "patriotic citizens" to give donations to the newly established Museum or “to entrust it with all those things which contribute to enrichment of the national spirit and serve its cultural progress."
The Museum collection was growing steadily thanks to frequent appeals to the patriots. After The Matica srpska was moved to Novi Sad in 1864, the collection was also transferred and shown to the public in 1933, when the Museum of the Matica srpska was finally made official. The Museum operated as a complex collection made of archaeological, numismatic and ethnographic objects, while the art collection formed a separate part. In 1947 this collection, except for art, was granted to the newly opened Museum of Vojvodina, while the works of art formed a special collection called The Gallery of Matica srpska. When it was moved to its present building (the building of the former Stock Exchange from 1926/1927) in the city center in 1958, the permanent exhibition of the Serbian paintings of the 18th and the 19th century, The Gallery of Matica srpska, acts as an independent institution. By annexing the additional hall on the second floor in 1992, the conditions for displaying the collection of the Serbian art of the first half of the 20th century were fully met. The permanent collection is exhibited in three parts, chronologically presenting the Serbian national art from the 16th to the 20th century and its integration into the mainstream of modern European art, as well. 
The noble gesture of giving that Sava Tekelija initiated, was continued by the followers to come, chairmen and presidents, members and supporters of The Matica srpska, patriotic citizens, collectors and artists whose intention was to enrich the Gallery’s art collections with gifts, legacies and donations. During its existence, the Gallery has grown into the unique national institution whose art fund, with its rich collection of the Serbian art from the 16th to the 21st century, shows the beginning, the progress and the achievements in the Serbian art and indicates the position of the Serbian culture and art in the European context. Out of the total number of art works (approximately 7.000) belonging to The Gallery of Matica srpska, one-third belongs to gifts and bequests, thanks to which 58 gift collections bearing the names of their benefactors were set up. 
Besides the permanent collection, the Gallery organizes the temporary exhibits based on its own fund: exhibitions dealing with the phenomena related to the national art from the 16th to the 21st century, exhibitions of donators’ collections and exhibitions in collaboration with other museums and cultural institutions in the country and abroad.
As for the relation with the public, apart from the popular interpretation of the permanent collection, the Gallery organizes lectures, book presentations, concerts, films and similar events. Moreover, as a part of its numerous publishing activities, the Gallery edits exhibition catalogs and monographs in the field of a specified period of the national art, as well as publications on wider museum issues. 
The Gallery of Matica srpska actively participates in larger projects dealing with heritage protection and continuously promotes results and achievements of the organization of conferences and workshops.
A special segment of the Gallery’s activities is devoted to educational programs and creative workshops for children, which gives an interesting and appropriate approach to the Serbian national art and cultural heritage. Most of these activities take place in the Children's Room, an area specially equipped for the youngest population.
For the works of adaptation and creation of the new permanent collection of the 18th, 19th and the first half of the 20th century, The Gallery of Matica srpska was awarded by NC ICOM Serbia for the best project in 2010.

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He was born at Kronach in upper Franconia, probably in 1472. His exact date of birth is unknown. He learned the art of drawing from his father Hans Maler (his surname meaning "painter" and denoting his profession, not his ancestry, after the manner of the time and class). His mother, with surname Hübner, died in 1491. Later, the name of his birthplace was used for his surname, another custom of the times. How Cranach was trained is not known, but it was probably with local south German masters, as with his contemporary Matthias Grünewald, who worked at Bamberg and Aschaffenburg (Bamberg is the capital of the diocese in which Kronach lies). There are also suggestions that Cranach spent some time in Vienna around 1500.

According to Gunderam (the tutor of Cranach's children) Cranach demonstrated his talents as a painter before the close of the 15th century. His work then drew the attention of Duke Friedrich III, Elector of Saxony, known as Frederick the Wise, who attached Cranach to his court in 1504. The records of Wittenberg confirm Gunderam's statement to this extent that Cranach's name appears for the first time in the public accounts on the 24 June 1504, when he drew 50 gulden for the salary of half a year, as pictor ducalis ("the duke's painter"). Cranach was to remain in the service of the Elector and his successors for the rest of his life, although he was able to undertake other work.

Cranach married Barbara Brengbier, the daughter of a burgher of Gotha and also born there; she died at Wittenberg on 26 December 1540. Cranach later owned a house at Gotha, but most likely he got to know Barbara near Wittenberg, where her family also owned a house, that later also belonged to Cranach.

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Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, c. 1472 – 16 October 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation, whose cause he embraced with enthusiasm, becoming a close friend of Martin Luther. He also painted religious subjects, first in the Catholic tradition, and later trying to find new ways of conveying Lutheran religious concerns in art. He continued throughout his career to paint nude subjects drawn from mythology and religion. He had a large workshop and many works exist in different versions; his son Lucas Cranach the Younger, and others, continued to create versions of his father's works for decades after his death. Lucas Cranach the Elder has been considered the most successful German artist of his time.
Date of birth: 
Tuesday, January 26, 2016
Place of birth and location: 
Kronah
Germany
50° 14' 16.6092" N, 11° 19' 49.6272" E
Date of death: 
Saturday, October 16, 1553
Place of death and location : 
Vajmar
Germany
50° 58' 53.5728" N, 11° 19' 26.1444" E
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Мушки
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Important locations: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
Year of birth: 
1472
Country of Birth: 
Germany
Title: 
Lucas Cranach the Elder
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Rhinoceros
English
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Rhinoceros (1515) 6th edition 1620. Woodcut, hnadmade paper with watermark.
State of origin of the cult. artefact: 
Germany
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Gallery of Matica Srpska
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Year of creation: 
1515
Name of the original: 
Rhinoceros
Place of the location: 
Serbia
45° 14' 58.794" N, 19° 50' 12.642" E
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English
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He was born in the village of Šajkaš in the Titel municipality, and is considered to be one of Serbia's greatest painters of the epoch.

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Dimitrije Avramović (15 March 1815 – 1 March 1855) was a Serbian painter known best for his iconostasis and frescos.
Date of birth: 
Wednesday, March 15, 1815
Place of birth and location: 
Novi Sad
Szerbia
45° 15' 0" N, 19° 51' 0" E
Date of death: 
Thursday, March 1, 1855
Place of death and location : 
Novi Sad
Szerbia
45° 15' 0" N, 19° 51' 0" E
Gender: 
Мушки
Year of birth: 
1815
Country of Birth: 
Serbia
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